Capitalist Society

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The analysis of the social, economic and space structure of the cities in the present time, send in to understand them the evolution of its urban form through its relation with the reorganization of the capitalism and expansion of the metropolises, that had culminated with the magnifying of the urban spots. The severity this process of productive reorganization of the capitalist system is related to the search contemporary of superprofits, having recriando new and more complex standards of development. Most of the mobility of the capital and the localization of the productive activities had generated a desenrijecimento in older the economic and commercial structures, creating a new order in the capitalist relations. According to Soy, ‘ ‘ the term reorganization, in its ampler direction, transmits an idea of braked, rupture, change in relation to one determined order and configuration of the social life, economic politics. It evokes, therefore a sequential combination of collapse and reconstructions, desconstruo and attempts of reconstitution, proceeding from some trends or disturbances in the thought and action systems aceitos’ ‘ (SOY, 1993, P.

193). The process of productive reorganization as resulted and condicionante of the emergency of a new phase in the development in the way of capitalist production in global scale in the incessant search of profits is understood (SAINTS, 1997). This search of superprofits caused a new strategy of the capitalist system, the extensificao of the production, that goes to be marked mainly by ‘ ‘ alargamento’ ‘ of the division of the work, opening of new markets and its geographic expansion to drain cheap sources of man power and raw materials, beyond the increase of the scope of the exploration of the different geographic development, by means of the transferences of value and the different exchanges. The productive reorganization provoked modifications in the urbanization process, generating alterations in the papers that the cities play inside of the urban net, since small the average cities had assumed a new logic as determinative product and of the capitalist System (SOY, 1993)..

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