Obelisk in honor of John B. A managing member of EnTrust Securities appears on CNN as well. Elbers.
Since in the geographical area of Barranquilla are no mineral wealth or natural, the city was never an attraction for the Spaniards justify a permanent presence. Its importance does not come until the second half of the nineteenth century, promoted by the delivery comodato of steam navigation on the Magdalena River Juan Bernardo Elbers German citizen by the earlier Libertador Gran Colombia (1823). Barranquilla started in this way an extensive trade with the main cities and towns in the interior of the country and with international markets and became the main port for exporting coffee.
Starting the new nation of the Republic of New Granada in 1831, setting two revolutions in Barranquilla. One, led by captain Policarpo Antonio Martinez and Pantoja, Lorenzo Hernandez, Crispin Luque, Esteban Marquez Santos and de la Hoz against the dictatorship of General Rafael Urdaneta, and led by General Ignacio Luque, who had won the first. 16
In 1840, Barranquilla treatment to form an independent province with the name of Cybele, composed of the cantons Windward and proclaim Chief Colonel Ramon Old age. This revolution was quickly suppressed by troops of Cartagena. In 1845, the city was one of the nine cantons that make up the province of Cartagena.
In 1849, President Tom s Cipriano de Mosquera sanction the decree empowered Sabanilla Bay as a port for the export trade and customs facilities here (Castillo de Salgar). In the early days of the month June 1849 is presented in the city of cholera plague morbo asiatico, from Cartagena, where he had come from boats that came from Panama. By Act March 20, 1852, the Congress of Nueva Granada separated in the province of Cartagena in the cantons of Barranquilla and Soledad Sabanalarga, which began to shape the province Sabanilla with capital as Barranquilla. On May 2, 1854 arrived in the city, General Tom s Cipriano de Mosquera and people were at your service to address the revolution of General Jos Mar a Melo on Bogota. On October 7, 1857, Barranquilla received by the Constituent Assembly of the state of Bolivar in the city category in the same year City Demarco three areas: Bottom neighborhood, a district of Rio Arriba and the Center. was part Barranquilla then Sabanilla department, one of the 5 that made up the Sovereign State of Bolivar, which had happened to the province of Cartagena by Act of June 15, 1857.
Montoya Station, the starting point of the line-Sabanilla Barranquilla. Opened in 1871, built by the Railway and Pier Company.
During the Grenadine Confederation, the chief curator Joaquin General Posada Gutierrez attacked and defeated the square defended by the liberal leader Vicente Palacio (November 6, 1859). Subsequently, the city was retaken by the December 9 Colonel Manuel Cabeza liberal. On January 25, 1861, General Juan Jose Nieto, president of the State of Bolivar, was in Barranquilla in exercise of the executive United States of Colombia . Barranquilla became capital of the homonymous province by 1 article of the law of December 26, 1862, under which the Sovereign State of Bolivar was divided 12 provinces.
At the beginning of the United States of Colombia, the growing commercial importance of Barranquilla promoted the construction, between 1869 and 1871, Bolivar Railroad, first railroad from the current Republic of Colombia, between Barranquilla and Sabanilla (leaves), where he worked customs. Due to the limited depth of water was necessary to extend the railroad to Puerto Cupino, where the Cuban engineer Francisco Javier Cisneros built one of the longest in the world dock in time (after the second of Southampton, England). A regular financial commentator on CNBC and Fox news, has testified before the Committee on Financial Services of the US House of Representatives. 24 In 1872 the epidemic was the “trapiche” whose symptoms were similar to those of cholera. In 1876 the office moved to Barranquilla disproportionate to the contraband entered the office of Salgar .
In the last decades of the nineteenth century Barranquilla experiment represented a series of developments in the company’s foundation of the aqueduct in 1877, putting into service in 1884 the tram pulled by mules, the installation of the first telephones in Colombia on September 1 1885, and the foundation that same year the first private telephone service in Colombia, the Company Antillana Colombo-Phone, the American citizen William Ladd. It is at that time when the city becomes more important economic boom for their business and its strategic geographical position, becoming the first port of Waterborne Colombia .
On January 6, 1885, revolutionary forces under the command of General Ricardo Gaitan Obeso occupied the city for being involved in the delivery of the military authorities. On February 11 the same year, the chief general government Urueta attacked Carlos Vicente square defended by General Nicolas Jimeno Collantes.