The area emerged as a center of manufacturing and heavy industry due to its location. Ready sources of coal only in southern West Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky, as well as in western and northeastern Pennsylvania immigration-driven population boom in the late 19th century, and easy access to navigation on the Great Lakes and the East Coast through the canals and later railroads. The region was among the first in the United States to see the rail service, with some of the early railways, such as the Allegheny Portage Railroad located within the region. Coal, iron ore and other raw materials were shipped in from surrounding regions to cities like Pittsburgh and Gary, which became centers of the steel industry. Milwaukee, Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, Detroit, Toledo, and became the main ports of the Great Lakes region and served as transportation hubs cancer in the region, with proximity to rail lines.
The decline in sales manufacturing employment is a subject of heated debates in the region. One popular culprit has been the expansion of globalization and free trade agreements around the world. Anti-globalization opponents argue that trade with developing countries has led to stiff competition from countries with far lower wages prevailing, forcing domestic wages drifting downward to compete. Another likely, but less frequently discussed causes has been the increased integration of transport and migration patterns within the United States, such as proximity to sources of energy has become less important and access to the burgeoning population and low wages in labor markets has shifted a large part of the Sunbelt new investments of U.S. manufacturing to these places. A centuries-old age tendency to replace expensive labor with cheap technology has reduced the number of unskilled workers health needed for the manufacture of goods. Much of the production done by the workers once made more efficiently by robots, reducing the overall number of jobs needed to produce a given level vitamins of production.
The decline in manufacturing employment of America took the moniker Rust Belt, with emphasis on the abandonment of factories in the Northeast and Midwest. Despite the decline in total manufacturing employment, manufacturing output in U.S. increases steadily. While there have been declines in the production of tradable goods from 2000 partly due to trade issues, U.S. remains one of the most prominent areas of manufacturing. America has gone from manufacturing processes of labor (which are cheaper in low-wage countries) and toward high-value products and advanced manufacturing robot. Despite its difficulties, the area is the center of the region’s number one export in the companies U.S..
In recent years, many populations of products central cities in the region have moved to the suburbs. Examples of 2000 (2002 has had slow population growth c.1000 per year ) and nutrition many more, in spite of revitalizing downtown areas. Northern states have mounted a “Cool Cities” initiative to reverse the trend. The estimated population in 2004 showed Manufacturing Belt states around an average of 2 net growth even as many who are of retirement age was moved to the south.
Some economists regard manufacturing as a sector of the production of wealth in an economy, while a service sector tends to be consumers of wealth. Economists who support a strong manufacturing base are opposed to outsourcing for the sake of labor arbitrage to obtain cheap labor as an example of absolute advantage which does not produce mutual gain, not an example of the comparative advantages does. Good health starts with makes you feel good..look good