Christian Conquest

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Main article: Conquest of Mallorca by King Jaime I Main article: Kingdom of Mallorca The Crown of Aragon experienced during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries a strong expansion into the Merranean, which led to the Balearics. Jaime I of Aragon led a fleet that landed in Mallorca in the late summer of 1229. After long battles that lasted for months, the king entered the city victorious on December 31 that year. The assault was followed by the shooting spree that resulted in a true genocide of the Majorcan population, so much so that the thousands of corpses could not be buried caused an epidemic among the conquerors that caused numerous casualties. As a result, the nobles wanted to keep all the booty rather than be drawn among the troops. This provoked the revolt of pawns and knights. Finally there was the division of spoils which lasted until April 30, 1230.Thanks to all this, Muslims survivors had time to organize various pockets of resistance in the mountains, which lasted a couple of years the struggle against the Muslims of Mallorca that eventually ended up becoming slaves or semi-slaves. Palma de Mallorca. All this destruction also weakened the army of James I to the point that when asked Menorca vasallazgo of the Crown, was granted. Thus, Minorca became an independent Taifa, where religion and Arab culture remained for half a century. But in January 1287, the fleet of Alfonso III, the Franco arrived at the port of Mahon. It was arranged the surrender of the island so that the chiefs and nobles were able to escape in return for handing the rest of the population to enslave them. With respect to Ibiza, was also conquered by Jaime I, but in August 1235. Its inhabitants were also enslaved and their property distributed among the magnates.Jaime I of Aragon gave the islands a fairly autonomous management structure within the Crown of Aragon to make them the Kingdom of Mallorca, which became fully independent a few years. Following the dynastic union of the Catholic Monarchs, the islands were included, like the other kingdoms of the peninsula, the new dynastic unity.

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