Brazilian Ones

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On the basis of the studies of Herskovits the aculturao concept can be defined as: ' ' In summary, therefore, the diffusion, in these terms, is the study of the consummated cultural transmission; whereas Aculturao is the study of in progress cultural transmission ' '. In the citation of Herskovits the aculturao process is related to the phase subsequent to the contact, where the social group is assimilating the cultural aspects of the other, being valid to remember that the Process of Aculturao differs from the Process of Endoculturao, where the first one is dealt the individual, while as collective is mentioned to it. In this manner we can give as example the process of aboriginal aculturao in Brazil, therefore in relation to other cultural elements that had also made part of the Brazilian cultural formation, the example of the Portuguese and Africans, who of certain form had been assimilated by the Brazilian culture, the aboriginal culture did not have the same so was assimilated, for it opposes the contact with the whites causes various problems, that can until taking the extinguishing of the aboriginal culture. As Darcy Ribeiro today in Brazil the aboriginal cultures are identified by the integration and contact degree, of this form exist the isolated groups, of intermittent contacts, of permanent contact and the integrated ones. The isolated groups are those rare cases marked by not the contact with the whites; the intermittent ones are the cases where sporadical form has a contact more than; the permanent ones where the contact is more intense; the integrated ones where the diffusion process already was concluded. Culture and environment Since 1878 the term is used ecology to assign the branch of the science that studies the relations of the beings livings creature and its houses and this relation enter the geographic way and the man goes to influence directly in behavior of the beings that inhabit there.

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