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Several opinions have been given about the origin of the name of the town which went on to list: According to D. Miguel Asin Palacios would have its literal translation in Spanish geonimico fruit “The Cerezuela,” because “Alcazar” in Arabic means cherry. Everything contributes to give the town a Hispanic Muslim descent. (Article in Cordoba Eugenio Solis).
In this same abounds D. Torrejon Juan Ocana view that these could be strengthened with the old name Alloza (Almond) was the neighboring village Vva. Duke. (Are these two names would explain the names of trees, birds applied to the inhabitants of both nations’).
Father Fita identifies an ancient Roman site. In this case, because of its proximity to two other places with Roman remains (brick and Cerro del Santo).
That can be walled enclosures (such as a town or village to another to extract metals from smelters). The people take the name of the place of Alcaracejos although a description of the life of the town by the City Council in 1887, states: In some documents he has abused the name of “Alcaracejos. The Hispanic American Dictionary published in Barcelona in 1887 as derived from the Arabic of the voice Alcaracejos. Encyclopedia Universal Ilustrada European American rioja derives from the Arabic voice of Alcazar.
Some derive from the Arabic word for “Alcharac” (Bell).
Ramirez De Las Casas Deza rioja derives from the Arabic word “Al caria (Village). This is in line with those already placed certain sales to the roadside to Almaden de Cordoba, in Roman times and continued in Arabic era and later. And that as many small and will be applied in the plural and the diminutive word or Alqueria andalusia caria. This also explain what the name of “Mojino” given to the people, because when several small villages, very close, but not together like mojinos the habits of birds living in small groups in areas of oaks.
Finally, we also derive from the word rioja Alcazar Viejo. The almanac of the bishop of the diocese of Cordoba in the year 1875 says that according to tradition in the village is preserved, the Caliph Abdu Rahaman-R-II, PO andalusia build command The Pedroches Valley, 74 km distant from a sumptuous Cordoba Alcazar that would serve as rest breaks when they came to their hunting rabbits and partridges. After the reconquest, originally from Pedroche shepherds huts were built in the vicinity, designating the site under the name Alcazar Viejo, which led to the current name by degeneration of the primitive.
This latest version does not explain why the plural of Alcaracejos and does not appear in the nearby Moorish remains to justify the existence of Alcazar. Older people when referring to the Cerro del Castillo, usually refer to the aforementioned Cuzna, which is a legend that the people in a cave of the hill, there is a treasure locked up and defended by a spell of arrears is become fierce. Several neighbors have been left back at the carnival going to find the treasure.
After the reconquest, and with the current name was attached to a Pedroche, but donations will affect the territories Valley, which borders his own, to become lords of Santa Eufemia and Belalcazar.
At the end of the fifteenth century (it is assumed in 1488) acquired its current neighboring towns, the title of Villa, which is granted jurisdiction and justice itself, without losing the right in the commons of villages which, through The only people who were dependent on this date cordobes town and not the neighboring lords, they were given to them the name of Las Villas De Los Siete Pedroches. (Note by D. Juan Ocana).

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