Origin and evolution

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Origin and evolution of hospital Temples -4000 BC ancient gods are used as houses of refuge for patients and medical schools. -s.XIII aCOrigen of Aesculapius (Asklepios), god of medicine. The symbol of medicine, the wand with coiled serpent, is inherited from the mythology of this God. -1200-1100 ACEN the Mycenaean era, The rooms were iatreion Consultation on the city center, with beds for sick and sanitation, cares good ventilation and lighting. Would be a history of outpatient clinic. -400-500 BC temples of Aesculapius (Asklepios), god of medicine, special buildings were to tend the sick: they included consultation rooms, terraces of Rites, and hospitalization (institutionalization) with Cline (Bed in Greek , Clinical origin of the term) where treatment and gave Aesculapius therapeutes (Doctors in Greek) followed. Patients healed, made donations (Fees) -460 BC Hippocrates, the father of rational medicine.Physician and philosopher, collects medical practice from antiquity, the Hippocratic Corpus: part is the Hippocratic Oath. – 60 BC the Romans Returning leprosy invades Europe, originally from Egypt and Arabia. – 14 BC Creation of the infirm (Latin valetudo: sickly, weak, sick) and Military Hospitals with medical buildings, with isolated environments. They span the world and also divide to feudal lords, slaves and poor peasants. It was substituting the Sanctuaries. -Jesus Christ as healer, increases the religious-spiritual conception of medicine. Galen -129-199 AD contains a complete overview of scientific medicine of the ancient Greco-Roman, creator of the concept of flow, anatomy textbooks and the theory of the 4 humors. With influence over a thousand years. -s. IV AD in India are Buddhist hospitals. -370 AD the first hospital was founded in Caesarea.From Latin Hospes (friend, guest) and Hospitium (shelter), are designed for low Cristiniamismo Edict and, following the doctrine of Jesus Christ. -370-379 AD Basil the Great, decreed the extension of this health system, as the hospital of Rome. Hospitals grow in the early centuries of the Christian era, along with numerous associated religious orders for over 1500 years. -475-476 dCR mulo Augustulus xenodoquias created by the edict (Greek Xenos-foreign-and-hosting-dochion), Hosting and rest to outsiders, but end up gaining importance and outlines the Accommodation with the management of patients, extending This confusion over the World. “Middle Ages. Apart from hospitals, hospices and schools directly linked to monastic orders and hospitals under the direction of the mostly Catholic church, the guilds and unions clearly play a beneficial feature. The most important centers are hospitals initially linked to the pilgrimage routes. – 650-656.H tel Dieu in Paris under the direction of Bishop St Landry. “With the Crusades, the primary mission of the religious orders is to care for the sick. He built many hospitals, especially in the Merranean. -early twelfth century. The Crusaders are in Palestine the military religious order of San Lazaro to assist those suffering from leprosy. The laws primarily affecting the lepers, are to be established outside the city for a secluded place for communicable diseases or taken by those with the name of San Lazaro Hospital and the people who served there were the origin of religious Lazarists . It also created religious soldiers known as the hospital who were in charge of caring for lepers. -s.XIII. The name Lazaretto then proceeded to Europe along with various diseases which imported consignments from the Crusaders, built almost at the gates of all cities leprer as or leprosy. 1365. It creates the Order of St. Lazarus -s. XV. It started a long. process.apart from the medieval hospital, two distinct institutions: the hospital strictly speaking .. assistance for patients, generally associated with the collection of orphans, and shelters or homes for the poor -s.XV. The Italian Quattrocento, in the context of transformations in the city-state and its social service agencies, came a new type of hospital that he distanced himself as one of the medieval symbols of this reform. New administrations were established and utilized a new typology based on a Greek cross, sometimes forming cloisters at the empty spaces. Allow sorting and separation of inmates. -s. Transformations XVI and XVII of the medieval leper general hospitals. -eighteenth century, first municipal hospitals run by civil authorities (especially in England) -eighteenth century.

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