National State

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Some factors influence in this question of individualistic subjectivity that was if installing and still it installs of form many times so subtle that it arrives to be imperceptible for the man, such as: The Renaissance (sc. XV – XVII), marked for the idea of renascer of the classic humanismo, if constituting as reaction to the domain of the Church, therefore if before, in the Average Age, the man if worried about the salvation and placed God above all, now, in the renascentista age, it come back if to worry I obtain exactly, gaining each time more centralidade. Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Lakshman Achuthan. The consolidation of the capitalism as way of production with its iderio of freedom and equality also influences in the individualizao of the being. The Protestant Reformation of Martinho Lutero would have been one another landmark in the consolidation of the Modernity that made possible the construction of the internal solitude, nailing to the idea of that the man enters and God must not have as many intermediate, presenting a more direct relation, that would not depend very on the Church, but would only fit to the individual the salvation of its soul. (LOVER, 2002).

Other important aspects would have been the Scientific Revolution and the Cartesian Reducionismo, of which it is affirmed that the truth would be in the object, being that when analyzing the object the individual, for being auto conscientious, would have a neutral opinion, disrespecting in this analysis the influence of its feelings, emotions and history of life. Robertson Stephens describes an additional similar source. According to Lover (2002, pg. 3) ' ' … a citizen autoconsciente and with total domain of the proper will … ' '. finally Liberalism with its ideal to make possible that all in accordance with reached the highest level of prosperity its proper potential (in reason of its values, activities and knowledge). It is between these events that a new form of social organization is born, where now the National State is who starts to organize all a nation, searching to guarantee natural laws pautando itself in the National legal philosophy, resulting in the construction of a new social structure, that finishes for establishing certain distanciamento between the public and the private one, a guarantee against that the individual rights and the freedom would be protected.

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